Protest in Catalonia Adds to Pressure Before Independence Vote

Hundreds of thousands of Catalans took over the center of Barcelona on Monday to mark their national day and raise the pressure on the Spanish government in Madrid before an independence referendum planned for Oct. 1.

The referendum has been declared illegal by Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy and suspended by the Spanish judiciary as a violation of Spain’s constitution.

Since 2012, the Diada, or Catalan national day, has been turned into the annual show of force of independence-minded Catalans.

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